Bhutan a small Himalayan nation of 38,000SqKms is predominantly a mountainous country with elevations ranging from the lower Southern foothills to the greater Himalayas in the north where it is perennially covered by snow throughout the year.
The lower valleys are characterized by gentle foothills 200-300m with warmer climates and heavier rainfall. The vegetation is commonly evergreen subtropical forests. The inner Himalayas which cover parts of central Bhutan mostly comprise of cool river valleys with pines and oaks dominating the landscapes. It is one of the most fertile valleys of the country where most of the important districts are located.
The alpine region or the greater Himalayas comprise of Bhutan’s northern frontiers where the weather is usually cold and most of the landscapes comprise of snow-capped peaks and nomadic settlements.